I do not plan my paintings, though they may appear that way due to their complexity. I begin with a few simple, bold, colorful shapes which act as a focal point. I then proceed to build the painting around these shapes. As the painting evolves I will start to feel a design emerging, and will then direct my painting towards intensifying it. I try to stay open to any painted ideas, shapes, colors, etc., which will strengthen expressive possibilities as long as they stay within the boundaries of the design framework I decide upon.